Article 30

ARTICLE 30

OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING FACILITIES

30.0                Applicability  

All uses, except single family and two family dwellings on individual lots, shall be required to provide off-street parking facilities in compliance with this Article.

30.1                Purpose  

It is the express purpose of this Article to implement the following objectives:

  1. To minimize the impact of vehicular traffic, entering or exiting any parking lot, upon the public street by controlling the number and location of access driveways.
  2. To facilitate and encourage safe and convenient pedestrian movement in appropriate areas of a parking lot and elsewhere.
  3. To enhance the amenity, safety and appearance of uses, landscaping, screening, sidewalks and other similar requirements.
  4. To maximize the safety and convenience of vehicular circulation, both within the subject property and on the township’s road network.
  5. To enhance compatibility between land uses.

 

    1. Off Street Parking Design Standards 

All off-street parking facilities including entrances, exits, maneuvering areas and parking spaces shall be in accordance with the following standards and specifications:

1.         Parking Space Dimensions:  Each off-street parking space shall have an area of not less than one hundred eighty (180) square feet exclusive of access drives or aisles and shall be of usable shape and condition.
2.         Access:  There shall be adequate provision for ingress and egress to all parking spaces.  Where the lot or parking spaces do not provide direct access to a public street or alley, an access drive shall be provided with a dedicated easement of access as follows:

  1. For one single, two or three family residential dwellings, the access drive shall be a minimum of nine (9) feet in width.
  2. For all other residential uses and all other uses, the access drive shall be a minimum of eighteen (18) feet in width.
  3. All parking spaces, except those required for single, two or three family dwellings, shall have access to a public street or alley in such a manner that any vehicle leaving or entering the parking area from or into a public street or alley shall be traveling in a forward motion.
  4. Setbacks:  The location of off-street parking facilities for more than five (5) vehicles may be located in required yards as specified elsewhere in this Resolution notwithstanding the requirements specified in the Official and Supplementary Schedules of District Regulations and Dimensional Requirements.  In no case, however, shall the parking area be located closer than three (3) feet to any street or alley.
  5. Screening:  In addition to the setback requirements specified in this Resolution for off-street parking facilities for more than five (5) vehicles, screening shall be provided on each side of a parking area that abuts any Residential District.  Screening shall comply with the requirements of Section 28.18 of this Resolution.
  6. Paving:  All required parking spaces, except for uses within any district if said parking area is at least seven hundred (700) feet from any residential district, together with driveways and other circulation areas shall be hard surfaced with a pavement having an asphalt or concrete binder, provided however, that variances for parking related to school auditoriums, assembly areas, sports fields and other Community meeting or recreation areas may be granted, provided that paved areas shall be provided for daily use parking areas.  Where paving is not required, proper dust control measure shall be undertaken and maintained.
  7. Drainage:  All parking spaces, together with driveways, aisles and other circulation areas shall be graded and drained so as to dispose of surface water which might accumulate within or upon such area and shall be designed to prevent the excess drainage of surface water onto adjacent properties, walkways or onto the public streets.  Adequate arrangements shall be made to insure acceptable diversion to an adequate storm drainage system.
  8. Barriers:  Wherever a parking lot extends to a property line, fencing, wheel stops, curbs or other suitable part or any part of a parked vehicle from extending beyond the property line.
  9. Visibility:  Access of driveways for parking areas shall be located in such a way that any vehicle entering or leaving such parking area shall be clearly visible for a reasonable distance by any pedestrian or motorist approaching the access or driveway from a public or private street or alley.
  10. Marking:  All parking areas for twenty (20) or more spaces shall be marked with paint lines, curb stones or in some other manner approved by the Zoning Inspector and shall be maintained in a clearly visible condition.
  11. Maintenance:  Any owner of property used for parking areas shall maintain such areas in good condition without holes and free of all dust, trash or other debris.

 

  1. Signs:  Where necessary due to multiple curb cuts, the entrances, exits and intended circulation pattern of the parking area shall be clearly marked.
  2. Lighting:  Any lights used to illuminate a parking lot shall be so arranged as to direct the light away from the adjoining property in any residential district.
  3. Speed Bumps:

 

  1. Speed bumps, constructed as part of access drives or parking lots, shall be marked with permanent yellow diagonal stripes.
  2. The speed bumps shall be in the form of mounds or depressions in the pavement and shall be designed to restrain motor vehicle speed.
  3. There shall be a warning sign posted at each entrance to parking areas having speed bumps.
  1. Separation From Streets and Sidewalks:  Parking spaces shall be guarded by curbs or other protective devices which are arranged so that curbs cannot project into street, sidewalks or walkways.  A curb cut shall be provided for wheelchair access.

 

30.3                Handicapped Parking   

Parking facilities serving buildings and facilities required to be accessible to the physically handicapped shall have conveniently located designated spaces provided as follows:

Total Spaces in Lot/Structure Number of Designated Accessible Spaces

Up to 100

One space per 25 parking spaces

101 to 200

4 spaces plus one per 50 spaces over 100

201 to 500

6 spaces plus one per 75 spaces over 200

Over 500

10 spaces plus one per 100 spaces over 500

30.4                Joint Parking Lots  

The joint or collective provision of required off-street parking areas shall comply with the following standards:

  1. All required parking spaces shall be located on the same lot with the building or use served, except that where an increase in the number of spaces is required by a change or enlargement of use or where such spaces are provided collectively or used jointly by two (2) or more buildings or establishments, the required spaces may be located not further than five hundred (500) feet from the building served.
  2. Not more than fifty (50%) percent of the parking spaces required for theaters, bowling alleys, dance halls, night clubs, taverns and similar uses and up to one hundred (100%) percent of the parking spaces required for churches, schools, auditoriums and similar uses may be provided and jointly used by banks, offices, retail stores, repair shops, service establishments and similar uses that are not normally open, used or operated during the same hours as the uses with which such spaces are jointly or collectively used.
  3. In any case where the required parking spaces are not located on the same lot with the building or use served or where such open spaces are collectively or jointly provide and used, a written agreement thereby assuring their retention for such purposes shall be properly drawn and executed by the parties concerned, approves as to form by legal counsel and filed with the application for a zoning permit.

 

    1. Modification of Requirements 

The provisions of this Article may be subject to modification by the Board of Appeals after considering the following criteria:

  1. The location and nature of the proposed use or expansion of an existing use.
  2. The projected generation of trips to and from the use and the average length of the per unit.
  3. The impact of potential parking congestion to surrounding uses.
  4. The number of people expected to be employed in the operation or added to the operation.
  5. The area which is accessible to the public compared to the area used for warehousing or storage.
  6. The area available for parking expansion.
  7. The purposes listed in this Article.

 

30.6                Prohibited Uses;  Temporary Uses  

Automobile parking lots are for the sole purpose of accommodating the passenger vehicles of persons associated with the use which requires them.  Parking lots shall not be used for the following and/or loading purposes:

  1. The sale, display or storage of automobiles or other merchandise, except those activities typical to an automobile filling station.
  2. Parking vehicles accessory to the use.
  3. Performing services, including service to vehicles.
  4. Any other purposes except permitted as follows:

 

  1. Carnivals, circuses, fairs, exhibitions or other similar events, so long as they do not continue longer than five (5) days.
  2. Sales and display of seasonal decorations (Christmas, etc.) so long as the use would be permitted by right within the underlying district, the use will not continue longer than forty five (45) days, adequate measures have been taken to address the purposes of this Article and a temporary use permit has been obtained.
  3. Temporary placement of a mobile home during times of emergency, as declared by the Township Board of Appeals.
  4. The placement of donation or recycling collection facilities, provided that such collection facilities are sufficiently enclosed to prevent the scattering of debris, the materials collected are removed at regular intervals and the total size of the facility is less than two hundred (200) square feet.
  5. At no time shall temporary uses consume more than ten (10%) percent the total parking lot area.
    1.     Parking of Disabled Vehicles    

 

The parking of a disabled vehicle within a residential district for a period of more than one (1) week shall be prohibited, except that such vehicle may be stored in an enclosed garage or other accessory building, provided that no business shall be conducted in connection there-with while such vehicle is parked or stored.

    1.                 Schedule of Required Parking Spaces   

 

For the purpose of this Resolution, the following parking space requirements shall apply, except within the central business district and the number of parking spaces required for uses not specifically mentioned shall be determined by the Board of Zoning Appeals.

Type of Use

Minimum of One Parking Space for Each

Residential Uses

 

Single family or two family dwelling

Two for each unit

Apartments, townhouses or multi-family dwellings

Two for each unit

Mobile homes

Two for each unit

Elderly housing parking

Three for each four dwelling units and one per regular shift employee

 

 

 

 

Type of Use

Minimum of One Parking Space for Each

Commercial Uses

 

Animal hospitals and kennels

One for each four hundred (400) square feet of floor area and one for each two employees

 

Motor vehicle repair station

One for each four hundred (400) square feet of flood area and one for each employee

Motor vehicle salesroom

One for each four hundred (400) square feet of floor area and one for each employee

Car washing facilities

One for each employee

Banks, financial institutions, post offices and similar uses

One for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area and one for each employee

Barber and beauty shops

Three for each barber or beauty operator

Carry out restaurants

One for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area and one for each two employees

Drive in restaurants

One for each one hundred twenty five (125) square feet of floor area and one per each employee

Hotels and motels

One for each sleeping room plus one space for each two employees

Boarding, rooming, tourist bed and breakfast

One for each sleeping room

Furniture, appliance, hardware, machinery or equipment sales and service and wholesale establishments

Two plus one additional space for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area over 1,000 square feet

Consumer and trade service uses not otherwise specified

One for each employee

Funeral homes, mortuaries and similar type uses

One for each fifty (50) square feet of floor area in slumber rooms, parlors of service rooms

Laundromats

One for every two washing machines

Administrative, business and professional office uses

One for each two hundred(200) square feet of floor area

Sit down restaurants, taverns, night club and similar uses

One for each three persons of capacity

Retail stores

One for each one hundred fifty (150) square feet of floor area

Shopping centers

One parking space per two hundred (200) square feet of gross floor area

All other types of business or commercial uses permitted in any commercial district – one for each one hundred fifty (150) square feet of floor area.

 

Type of Use

Minimum of One Parking Space for Each

Manufacturing Uses

 

All types of manufacturing, storage and whole uses permitted in any manufacturing district

One for every employee (on the largest shift for which the building is designed) and one for each motor vehicle used in the business

Cartage, express, parcel delivery and freight terminals

One and one-half (1 ½) for every one employee (on the largest shift for which the building is designed)

 

Type of Use

Minimum of One Parking Space for Each

Recreation and Entertainment Uses

 

Bowling alleys

Four for each alley or lane;  one for each three persons of capacity of the area used for restaurant, cocktail lounge or similar use;  and one for each three employees

Dance halls, skating rinks

One for each one hundred (100) square feet of floor area used for the activity; one for each three persons of capacity in a restaurant, snack bar or cocktail lounge;   and one for each three employees

Outdoor swimming pools;  public, community or club

One for each ten persons of capacity and one for each three persons of capacity for a restaurant

Auditoriums, sports arenas, theaters and similar uses

One for each four seats

 

Type of Use

Minimum of One Parking Space for Each

Recreational

 

Miniature golf courses

One for each hole and one for each employee

Private clubs and lodges

One for each ten members

Tennis facilities, racquetball facilities or similar uses

Two for each playing area;  one for each employee;  and one for each one hundred (100) square feet of other activity area

Marina

Three spaces for every two dock slips

 

 

 

 

Type of Use

Minimum of One Parking Space for Each

Institutional Uses

 

Churches and other places of religious assembly

One for each eight seats in main assembly room or one for each classroom, whichever is greater

Hospitals

One for each three beds

Sanitariums, homes for the aged, nursing homes, rest homes, similar uses

One for each three beds

Medical and dental clinics

One for every one hundred (100) square feet of floor area

Libraries, museums and art galleries

Ten and one for each three hundred (300) square feet of floor area in excess of two thousand (2,000) square feet

Type of Use

Minimum of One Parking Space for Each

Public, Parochial or Private Uses

 

Elementary schools and kindergartens

Four for each classroom;  one for every four seats in auditoriums or assembly halls;  and one for each additional non-teaching employee

High school and middle schools

One for every ten students or one for each teacher and employee, or one for every four seats in auditoriums, assembly areas or sports fields, whichever is greater

Business and technical schools

One for each two students

Child care centers, nursery schools and similar uses

Four for each classroom

30.9                Off-Street Storage Areas for Drive in Services  

Establishments which by their nature create lines of customers waiting to be served within automobiles shall provide off-street storage areas in accordance with the following requirements:

  1. Photo pickups, restaurants, drive-thru beverage docks and other similar commercial establishments that can normally serve customers in three (3) minutes or less shall provide no less than five (5) storage spaces per window.  Drive-in restaurants and other similar uses which require an additional stopping point for ordering shall provide a minimum of three (3) additional storage spaces for each such stopping point.

 

  1. Other commercial establishments such as banks, savings and loan offices or other similar facilities with service or money windows shall provide no less than four (4) storage spaces per window.
  1. Self serve automobile washing facilities shall provide no less than three (3) storage spaces per stall.  All other automobile washing facilities shall provide a minimum of six (6) storage spaces per entrance.

 

  1. Motor vehicle service stations shall provide no less than two (2) storage spaces for each accessible side of a gasoline pump island.  Gasoline pumps shall not be located closer than fifteen (15) feet to any street right-of-way line.

30.10              Off-Street Loading Space Requirements   

In any district, in connection with every building or part thereof, hereafter erected and having a gross floor area of three thousand (3,000) square feet or more, which is to be occupied by manufacturing, storage, warehouse, goods display, retail store, wholesale store, hotel, hospital, mortuary, laundry, dry cleaning or other uses similarly requiring the receipt or distribution by vehicles of material or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the same lot with the building, at least one off-street loading space and one additional loading space for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet or fraction thereof of gross floor area so used in excess of three thousand (3,000) square feet.

30.11              Off-Street Loading Design Standards  

All off-street loading spaces shall be in accordance with the following standards and specifications:

  1. Loading Space Dimensions:  Each loading space shall have minimum dimensions not less than twelve (12) feet in width, sixty five (65) feet in length and a vertical clearance of not less than fourteen (14) feet.

 

  1. Setbacks:  Notwithstanding other provisions of this regulation and the Official and Supplementary Schedules of Permitted Uses and Dimensional Requirements, off-street loading spaces may be located in the required rear or side yard of any district provided that not more that ninety (90%) percent of the required rear or side yard is occupied and no part of any loading space shall be permitted closer than fifty (50) feet to any residential district nor closer than five (5) feet from any street or alley.
  1. Screening:  In addition to the setback requirements specified above, screening shall be provided on each side of off-street loading space that abuts any residential district.  Screening shall comply with the requirements of Section 28.18 of this resolution.

 

  1. Access:  All required off-street loading spaces except have access from a public street or alley in such a manner that any vehicle leaving the premises shall be traveling in a forward motion.
  1. Paving:  All required off-street loading spaces except for uses within any district if said loading spaces are at least two hundred (200) feet from any residential district, together with driveways, aisles and other circulation areas, shall be surfaced with an asphaltic or portland cement binder pavement in order to provide a durable or dust free surface.  Where paving is not required, proper dust control measures shall be undertaken and maintained.

 

  1. Drainage:  All loading spaces, together with driveways, aisles and other circulation areas, shall be designed to prevent the excess drainage of surface water onto adjacent properties, walkways or onto the public streets.  Arrangements shall be made to insure acceptable diversion to an adequate storm water drainage system.
  1. Lighting:  Any lights used to illuminate a loading area shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from adjoining property.